Monday, February 20, 2017
Creation of posts and cadre review in Central Group A Civil Services- reiteration of the existing guidelines.
Date: 20 February 2017 at 09:55
Subject: Important : Cash withdrawal weekly limit increased to 50,000
Weekly cash withdrawal limit is increased to 50,000
This is for favour of information
Thanks & regards,
CEPT - FSI Team
The inadequacy of skilled and other specialised labour during the industrial revolution in the 18th century diverted bargaining power almost completely to employers alone.
This exposed a lot of workers to maltreatment, abuse and underpayment by their paymasters. To avert the situation, workers, mostly in Europe, came together to form associations to fight for their interests and rights.
As such, trade unions became popular with the common aim of representing and advocating improvements in pay and working conditions.
Undeniably, over the past 300 years, trade unions have metamorphosed into a number of forms, predisposed by diverse political intentions in order to fulfil their needs through peaceful negotiations, but sometimes through rough and tough paths in the forms of strikes, go slow, picketing, work to rule and in overtime bans.
Trade unions are organised on the basis of crafts unions, industrial unions, general unions and on white-collar unions. Craft unions are made up of workers having similar type of skills and engaged in a number of industries.
Examples include weavers, carpenters and plumbers. Industrial unions on the other hand characterise workers of the same industry and this may include those in the rail industry.
General unions are also formed by the groupings of workers from different industries and have diverse array of skills. White-collar unions embody all the office workers with higher posts in particular professions and this ranges from teachers, nurses and pharmacists.
Tentatively, unions in a country often belong to or affiliate with a national union organisation which also belong or affiliate at the international level.
In Ghana, most of the unions are organised on industrial lines and function virtually completely within the confines of the formal sector of the economy. Nevertheless, some unions have organised few workers in the informal sector.
The unions belong or associate with the Ghana Trades Union Congress (Ghana TUC) which is also affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC).
Hence, a trade union is an association of workers with the aim of promoting and protecting their economic and social interests; and according to the Ghana Labour Act 2003, (Acts 651), two or more workers employed in the same undertaking may form a trade union and register it through the chief labour officer.
Roles of trade unions
Subliminally, trade unions have the authority to carve out their own constitutions and regulations, elect officers and representatives and also organise their administrative activities and programmes.
They again have the right to control their finances without any external influence or dictates from a political party or institution.
Aptly, the existence and the functions that the trade unions play, indeed demonstrate positive benefits for workers, as the main aim of forming the association is to prevent the workers from being exploited by their senior officials.
If workers are not happy with their pay, they can negotiate their way through and collectively raise their voices to get the pay that they deserve.
Thus in broad terms, the trade unions propitiate their needs through peaceful negotiations to get their requests met.
Through a collective bargaining process, they are able to negotiate on behalf of their members with their employers on working conditions, promotion prospects, holidays, maternity and paternity rights, basic pay and overtime payments and on job security and health and retirement packages.
Trade unions yet again offer a wide range of benefits to their members.
This includes sickness pay, unemployment pay and strike pay.
Rightly, they are able to collaborate with institutions and other pressure groups to compel their governments to adopt a legislation which will yield positive overturns for their members in general, including fixing an appropriate and realistic national minimum wage.
Once more, depending on the conditions prevailing, unions possibly will try to protect or improve workers’ rights.
They also make available information on a wide range of issues for their members; for example on job vacancies, end-of-service benefits and pension schemes.
They help with education and training programmes and also partake in measures intended to increase demand for their workplace product and services produced; and, therefore, for labour.
Furthermore, unions provide the avenue for legal advice on employment and personal issues. They go as far as defending members at the courts on job threatening and interdiction issues.
Unions also help members to enjoy welfare packages on financial aids in times of bereavements, loss of property, natural disasters and in times of unemployment and hospitalisation. They again help members to enjoy financial discounts on mortgages, insurance and loans.
On productivity covenants, trade unions help to negotiate better terms of productivity to help the firm shore up on its production. This empowers the firm to afford higher wages for its staff. This really has a long way to induce workers to work efficiently and effectively.
Indeed, trade unions can be central for executing new working practices which increased productivity at the workplace.
Last but not least, trade unions help in the economic growth and development of the economy in many ways.
Assuredly, they help in the settlement of industrial disputes, thereby promoting and maintaining national integration for peaceful co-existence for national development in a rational manner.
Thus, huge labour and turnover costs are reduced and rather turned into increased production for the economy.
Challenges fronting trade unions
It has always been a bother to employers to meet workers’ wage demands either in the public or in the private sector. Wage increases are seen to induce wage inflation on the balance sheet of firms.
Undeniably, unions would bargain above the rate of inflation so as to cushion its members to stay afloat to keep body and soul together. This phenomenon always impedes the union’s progress and can take a longer time in arriving at better terms.
Anytime the labour markets are competitive, higher wages result in unemployment.
Trades unions may demand higher wages through the threat of work to rule, go slow and strikes. When these prevail and wages are higher, industry and producers will not be able to pay for more. This may result in unemployment and layoffs and, thus, affect union members.
Furthermore, productivity is also affected whenever circumstances trigger strikes, leading to lost sales and output. These lead to the closure and collapse of companies. Jobs are lost as a result and this affects livelihoods.
One criticism faced by trade unions is the ‘look within attitude’. Trades unions are thought to consider only their needs without a thought for the needs of those outside of their membership or the unemployed. This is indeed painstakingly regarded as one of the inequalities in the economy.
In spite of these shortcomings, trade union activists continue to address new issues and acclimate their organisational structures accordingly.
Certainly, unity is strength. Unions afford workers with a collective and powerful voice to communicate to management their grievances and frustrations.
They offer a platform for better job security with members earning an average of 10 per cent more than non-unionised members.
In fact, as trade unions offer a troposphere to protect workers’ rights, some see it as a negative force to distort gains made by employers.
However, it is only through this wonderful platform of industrial relations that both employers and employees can bring industrial peace, productivity and development to any economy. — GB
Source : http://www.graphic.com.gh
Sunday, February 19, 2017
Department of posts secretary BV Sudhakar (left) with Deepak Chopra, head of Canada Post.
This September, the postal departments of India and Canada will issue their first-ever joint postage stamps. An announcement to this effect was made after a meeting between department of posts secretary BV Sudhakar and Canada Post president Deepak Chopra, who is a Canadian of Indian descent.
These stamps will be in celebration of Diwali and of Canada’s 150th anniversary, according to a statement released by Canada Post. Chopra said that “not only will it represent our country’s proud diversity, it will celebrate the close bond between both countries.”
“Issuing a joint stamp celebrating Diwali is a meaningful way to recognise the importance of this relationship to both countries,” Sudhakar added.
Both India and Canada will design a stamp each, and both stamps will be released simultaneously. Canada Post director of stamp services Jim Phillips said both versions of the stamps will be available in both nations. Phillips said they plan to release the stamps around a month ahead of Diwali so that it allows people enough “time to hear about them, buy them and use them”.
These stamps will be for general circulation and will be valid for a decade.
While the idea of releasing a permanent Diwali stamp in Canada had been “percolating for some time”, Phillips said Canada Post was thrilled to “invite India Post into it in terms of cooperation.”
This is not Canada’s first Diwali stamp — in 2011, two such stamps were issued but those were not for mass circulation and are now no longer available. The stamps out in September, though, “will be, like any other stamp” and will become a permanent fixture on Canadian mail.
Source : http://m.hindustantimes.com
Posted by : AIPEU, Group-C, Bhubaneswar, Odisha at Sunday, February 19, 2017
Saturday, February 18, 2017
Observe 6th March 2017
v Against the betrayal of Central Government employees and pensioners by Group of Ministers of NDA Government.
v Demanding increase in minimum pay and fitment formula.
We know that all of you are in the midst of hectic preparation and campaign for making the 16thMarch Strike action a great success. As has been explained in the article, which we have placed on our website, the NDA Government, led by BJP has exhibited the worst anti-employee attitude in the post independent era of our country. This Government has treated its own employees as its worst enemy. The decision taken by the Union Cabinet on 29th June, 2016 rejecting even the recommendations made by the high level committee chaired by the Cabinet Secretary was unprecedented. Even the setting up of various committees was nothing but an eye wash. Nothing will come out of that. Even the NPS Committee on which the young comrades had pinned some hope of at least getting a minimum guaranteed pension will produce nothing. The discussions at the JCM fora has been converted into mostly monologues i.e. the official side simply listening and not reacting. The Government, it appears, has made the Pension department to reject the one and only recommendation of the 7th CPC which was considered to be positive i.e. Option No.1 for pensioners on the specious ground that the same is not feasible to be implemented. The allowances committee has dilly dallied its deliberation and would now submit its report after the extended period of 6 months expires on 22.02.2017. Even if they make any positive recommendation, which is seldom expected, the NDA Government would not act upon it. They have very successfully postponed the payment of the revised allowanced for 15 months.
In the face of such terrible onslaught, betrayal and chicanery, which no Government in the past has ever indulged in, it is surprising that some of our friends who has a predominant role in the movement of the Central Government employees has unfortunately chosen to wait and watch. It appears that they have chosen to wait endlessly hurting the cause of the workers.
We have no hesitation to affirmatively state the obvious that we have chosen the right path, the path of struggles, which can only the choice of the working class against tyrannical attitude of the employer, howsoever, powerful they may be. We must realize that those who are in the saddle of power today are not permanently posted there. We were witness to the abysmal downfall of persons who were arrogant personified. It appears that the reasonableness, righteousness and patience we had exhibited have been taken as signs of cowardice. The undeniable fact is that those who fight, only can win. We, therefore, appeal to you to carry on with conviction and courage.
Eight months will be over on 6th March, 2017, when the Group of Ministers held out the assurance of revisiting the minimum wage and multiplication factor. It is now crystal clear that that was an act of chicanery. No committee was set up and no discussions were held to seriously consider the issue. We, therefore, appeal to all of you to ensure that the day, i.e. 6th March, 2017 is observed as a day of betrayal and all our members are requested to wear a Black badge with the following words inscribed on it in bold letters and conduct demonstrations in front of all Central Government offices.
HONOUR THE COMMITMENT MADE ON
30TH JUNE & 6TH JULY, 2016
REVISE THE MINIMUM WAGE AND
6TH March 2017 must be yet another occasion to mobilize our members to ensure their participation in the 16th March, 2017 strike action and ultimately win all the demands in the charter.
We fight to win and we shall win.
Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Special Service and Features
Government of India
Special Service and Features
17-February-2017 10:34 IST
India firm to ensure equity on World Social Justice Day
Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere, said Martin Luther King. It is not just judicial justice. Judicious society is expected to ensure a just regime across colour, creed, class, caste – any social barrier for an inclusive system so that nobody is excluded.
Exclusion is also against the tenets of social justice. The inclusive society is expected to ensure equal opportunity, fair deal and does not deprive anyone.
This is enshrined in World Day of Social Justice (WDSJ), which the United Nations General Assembly decided to observe on February 20 every year as WDSJ in accordance with the objectives and goals of the world Summit for Social Development. The UN approved the decision on November 26, 2007. The observance of the day started in 2009.
Observance of WDSJ would support efforts of the international community in poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for all.
It is a day that recognizes the need to promote efforts to tackle issues such as poverty, exclusion and unemployment. We find the Narendra Modi government proactively doing many things to rout these social evils out. The most recent is the amendment to Payment of wages Act that ensure payment through cheque or to the bank account. The ostensible reason is stated to be to ensure full payment of promised wages to the workers.
The UN stated that social justice is an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. “We uphold the principles of social justice when we promote gender equality or the rights of indigenous peoples and migrants. We advance social justice when we remove barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture or disability”.
The new economics recognises that the economy is embedded in a society and culture that are embedded in an ecological life-support system, and that the economy can't grow forever on this finite planet.
Indian society has been striving for ages to ensure equity and justice. Some of the most devoted workers for social justice in the history of India have included Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Swami Raavidas, Swami Vivekananda, MG Ranade, Veer Savarkar, KM Munshi, Mahatma Gandhi, Babasaheb Ambedkar, Tarabai Shinde, Behramji Malabari among others. The resolute force and courage of these reformers along with the ardent support from the people enabled them to take robust actions against injustice.
What Indian government is doing is in accordance with the International Labour Organization (ILO) resolution of 2013 concerning sustainable development, decent work, and green jobs putting forward a policy framework for a just transition. Key policy areas as per ILO are macroenconomic and growth policies, industrial and sectoral policies, enterprise policies, skill development, occupational safety and health, social protection, labour market policies, rights, social dialogue and tripartism.
The Constitution of India accepts the use of social justice in wider sense, which includes both social and economical justice. As former Chief Justice P. B.Gajendragadkar put it, “In this sense social justice holds the aims of equal opportunity to every citizen in the matter of social and economical activities and to prevent inequalities”.
In the Third Committee, 67th UN General Assembly , Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ananth Kumar reaffirmed that India will provide full support to the efforts of the UN, in particular ‘UN Women’, which has recorded significant achievements in only two years since its establishment and assist the General Assembly in all their efforts to ensure Social Justice. It may be noted here that UN Women is the global champion for gender equality, working to develop and uphold standards and create an environment in which every woman and girl can exercise her human rights and live up to her full potential.
As a measure to facilitate Social justice, India has enacted a comprehensive Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act which recognizes that violence can take various forms, including physical, economic, social and psychological. This act provides a legal tool for women to fight violence within the family – both marital and familial abuse. The law seeks to provide support to women victim of domestic violence in form of shelter, medical help, compensation, maintenance orders, and temporary custody of children.
The MGNREGA is the biggest action for ensuring right to work. The corporate social responsibility in the Companies Act brings a new dimension of sharing profits.
The central government in the union budget announced around 54 per cent of the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry's budgetary allocation in the year 2016-17, was spent on Scheduled Castes (SC) scholarships benefitting about 60 lakh SC persons and another 53 lakh from OBCs..
“Budget of the ministry has been steadily increasing from Rs 54.52 crore in 2014-15 to Rs 69.08 crore in 2017-18. This is an increase of 6 per cent,” Minister for Social Justice Thavar Chand Gehlot says. He also says the definition of "atrocity" has been widened and amendments were introduced in June 2016 to protect the Scheduled Castes.
"Compensation payable to victims of atrocities has been enhanced and in the previous year 42,541 people were given compensation of Rs 139 crore," he said.
"The three corporations of the ministry -- National Scheduled Caste Finance Development Corporation (NSFDC), National Backward Class Finance Development Corporation (NBCFDC), and National Safai Karamcharis Finance Development Corporation (NSKFDC) -- distributed around Rs 552 crore through digital mode to almost two lakh beneficiaries," he added.
But the situation in the world is not that bright. The UN’s department of economic affairs says that despite global efforts the popular contention that the rich get richer and poor get poorer appears to be largely based on fact. Moreover, extreme or absolute poverty, experienced by those whose income is barely sufficient for survival, remains widespread.
The time has come to move the developmental discourse beyond the current discussion of outcomes of opportunities and ensure a framework for free environment of opportunities and coherent redistributive policies that would make the global society equitable
* The author is a senior journalist based in Delhi. Regularly writes on Socio-political issues. The views expressed in the article are author's own.
Friday, February 17, 2017
7th Pay Commission: Confederation of Central Government Employee calls nationwide strike on March 16
New Delhi, Feb 16: Finance Minister Arun Jaitley might announce the higher allowances on 7th pay commission this April and G connect reports that the central government employees might go on strike against 7th Pay Commission low pay hike on March 16. As no collective decision for bringing back indefinite strike could be taken in the NJCA meeting on January 17, confederation has called on one day nationwide protest strike on March 16, 2017.
Confederation feels that since past 8 months they had been waiting after the assurances were made by the government and now there is no point of holding back.
NJCA in July 2016 had demanded of withdrawal of New Pension Scheme (NPS) or exclusion from it. On July 6, 2016, NJCA had issued a statement after the delayed strike, ” We have noted that government has made a different committee to review NPS and this affects who employees inducted into the government on or post-January 1, 2004.
Youth were happy as they were made to believe that the committee will note the demands of NJCA to cancel NPS or remove central government workers from it. But the NPS committee on discussions with the staff side JCM on February 10, the core issues like removing NPS, minimum pension to NPS subscribers etc. were absent in the discussions.
Additional Secretary, about the meeting, informed that removing of NPS was not within the purview of committee and also informed that the NPS is committee is run by the government to make NPS solid and not kill it.He also said that destroying NPS will not be fruitful and thus the Central government has dropped this idea.
Railway federation had also demanded exemption from NPS and their demands were also not met.
On June 30, 2016, Jaitley had clarified that Government has taken the decision to implement the recommendation of 7th CPC to bring the past and present pensioners on the same table. NJCA then wrote to Rajnath Singh seeking his intervention as subject to feasibility had been imposed.
Government has taken a U-turn from the assurances made and is not ready to take the JCM staff side seriously. All the employees and pensioners are totally dissatisfied and are venting their anger on different platforms, which includes social media as well.
Few have penned down by the NJCA should bring back the postponed strike.
M. Krishnan, Secretary General, Confederation wrote since aeons we all had been waiting for a dialogue but nothing was cemented till date. He further wrote that central government employees across India are negative on the fact that government did not take up staff side JCM after the government received recommendations of Central pay commission. Krishnan lashing out at the Modi government stated that it cannot make a fool of all employees and pensioners all the times.
Other issues like GDS, Casual-Contract Labour, Equal Pay For Equal Work etc. were not discussed by the site staff NJCA.
Source : http://www.india.com/