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Wednesday, August 24, 2011

Revised Targets for Employment Generation under Eleventh Plan :

Union Labour and Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge today informed the Lok Sabha that there is no such  proposal under consideration to revise the targets set for employment generation under Eleventh Five Year Plan in view of the current growth rate of Gross Domestic Product;
                Replying to a written question in the Rajya Sabha today the Minister said  during 11th Five Year Plan a number of employment oriented schemes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) and Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) etc. are under implementation resulting in employment generation.  In addition to the above the overall expansion of the Indian economy and enhancement of GDP growth over the years significantly contributed for enlarging employment throughout the country.  Vocational training and empowerment of people through education enables greater employability of people. 
                                The existing employment generation schemes are constantly reviewed and assessed for better performance. 
 (i).          National Food for work programme has been subsumed in MGNREGA with effect from 02-02-2006 and Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) in MGNREGA with effect from 01-04-2008. Recent studies indicate that MGNREGA has succeeded in bringing large numbers of women into paid work, many of them for the first time. This comprehensive   empirical enquiry reports that MGNREGA also achieved success in empowering women, economically and socially. MGNREGA also had a significant positive impact on the conservation of natural resources of the nearly 50 lakh works taken up during 2010-11, around two third related to water conservation, resulting in a rise in the water table, especially in dry and arid regions. The scheme has also had significant implications for financial inclusion in rural areas as more than 9.5 crore saving accounts in banks and post offices have been opened for MGNREGA workers.  
(ii).          The Ministry of Rural Development has decided to re-design the ongoing SGSY into National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) to make it universal in application, focused in approach, and time bound for poverty eradication by 2014-15.  The idea has been conceived as a cornerstone of national poverty reduction strategy. The objective of the mission is to reduce poverty among rural BPL by promoting diversified and gainful self-employment opportunities which would lead to an appreciable increase in income on sustainable basis. In the long run, it will ensure broad based inclusive growth and reduced disparities by spreading out the benefits from the islands of growth across the regions, sectors and communities.
(iii).         SJSRY has been comprehensively revamped with effect from 2009-10 based on the recommendations of an evaluation study.
(iv).         Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) was started in 2008-09 after merging the existing Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) and Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana (PMRY).
The physical achievements made under the employment generation schemes during 2007-08 to 2010-11 are given at Annex.
Physical achievements made under employment generation schemes
Sl. No.
Name of Schemes
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
 Persondays of employment generated (in crore)




Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) $
Total Swarozgaries Assisted (in lakh)




Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)

(i) No. of Urban poor assisted for setting up individual and Group Micro Enterprises (in lakh)

(ii). Number of Beneficiaries provided skill training (STEP-UP) (in lakh) 








Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) *
Estimated Employment Generated (in lakh persons)





$ Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) has been restructured as the National Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
* Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) has been launched since August, 2008.
Source : PIB Release, August 24, 2011

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